Friday, May 22, 2020

Democracy As A Best Solution, And Underlying Capitalist...

Democracy has morphed in the face of time due to exterior forces which in turn have impacted the understanding of what democracy in action should look like. Technology, education, religious decay and rise, and many other facets of modern life have overwhelmed the understanding of what democracy is. Simply engaging with the concept of democracy is in itself an acceptance of values and assumptions about what governments, and many times economies, should look like. But this paper hardly allows for alternative approach, so the mindset and concepts proposed are a result of the acceptance of western understandings of governance, the natural arrival of democracy as a best solution, and underlying capitalist forces which populates democracy at its core, from Locke to the American founding fathers. So the question becomes what democracy actually looks like in the real world. For as lofty or revolutionary as the founders might have been in their goals, American democracy, now and then, has never been as good as what it looks on paper. The evolutional lens of democracy is then one of both how one arrives at governance and what does democracy stand for. Is it having elections, which might or might not be free in nature? Is it torturing and discriminating against its own citizens? Bending to the popular will of the majority? Protecting minorities? Seeing all as equal in the eyes of the law? Is it none of the above? This really becomes then a question of the cause and consequences ofShow MoreRelatedHitler s Influence On The World War II1574 Words   |  7 PagesWar. For the German dictator, the supposed superiority of one race over another is an underlying force in the society in the entire time of history. As a result of the perceived differences, there was tension between the rac es, something that continued to be a significant driving in the history of Hitler s rule over Germany. It was unlike the idea of Marx that put forward the idea of economics as the driving force in history. Hitler’s perception of history evolving to a higher level was that thereRead MoreInterpretations of the Origins of WWII3781 Words   |  16 Pagesconcerns, difficulties, and attitudes were in each country. Another interpretation is PMH Bells, who takes the thirty years war interpretation, and makes the case for it by looking at how the situation in Europe developed as a result of the underlying forces which greatly affected the decisions made. Richard Overy focuses primarily on the politics of the era in each of the major countries involved in the war separately. He argues that all the nations involved had complex motives for theirRead More Habermas’ Between Facts and Norms: Legitimizing Power? Essay3384 Words   |  14 Pageswith its binding force. Legitimate law-making itself is generated through a procedure of public opinion and will-formation that produces communicative power. Communicative power, in turn, influences the process of social institutionalization. I will argue that the revised notion of power as a positive influence that is produced in communicative space runs contrary to Habermas’ original concept of power in his theory of communicative action where power is understood as a coercive force that has to beRead MoreThe Main Challenges Of Creating More Socially Equitable Cities Of The 21st Century?3149 Words   |  13 PagesWhat is the ‘right to the city’? What are the major chal lenges in creating more socially equitable cities in the 21st century? Matthew Templin - 541746 The 20th century played witness to an urban renaissance, driven largely by global economic forces. Populations migrated to cities en masse to harness the prospect and prosperity that urban life promised. Neoliberalism was crucial to this shift, with the philosophy demanding ‘free markets’, privatisation, and the overall reduction in government controlRead MoreThomas Heilbroner s Twenty First Century Capitalism3106 Words   |  13 Pagesand purpose† (p. 4). And the way that these capitalist countries achieve this is through the organizing principle of capitalism, the market. That said, in the long history of societies, the market is a relatively new organizing principle, and it needed certain conditions to take hold. This was precipitated by the fall of the Roman Empire which was â€Å"crucial not only because the social order of the Empire was at every level incompatible with a capitalist order, but because its shattered ruins providedRead More`` Twenty First Century Capitalism : The Two Realms Of Capitalism3107 Words   |  13 Pagesand purpose† (p. 4). And the way that these capitalist countries achieve this is through the organizing principle of capitalism, the market. That said, in the long history of societies, the market is a relatively new organizing principle, and it needed certain conditions to take hold. This was precipitated by the fall of the Roman Empire which was â€Å"crucial not only because the social order of the Empire was at every level incompatible with a capitalist order, but because its shattered ruins providedRead MoreThe Democratic Party By Thomas Nast1973 Words   |  8 Pagesweapon and team up with the capitalist and the white superiority organization to restrict and control this man’s agency; his freedom. This is one of the many ways in which the Reconstruction Acts of 1867 failed the Blacks; the Congress may have passed the Voting Rights Act and sent a army to increase social and political equality, but what was the point of allowing them to vote if the Irish, Capitalists, or the white Supremacy organizations had enough leeway to force Blacks to vote for the candidateRead More Governmental Family Policy Essay4109 Words   |  17 Pagesplaying with words in order to avoid accountability. The problem exists with how these policies are categorized. The common term applied to such policies is social benefits. This language alludes to the social welfare state-an ideal a liberal democracy like America does not strive to uphold. The American attitude for such concerns is usually along the lines of you have your rights, now work it out for yourself. However, it is crucial to break down the relation between these family-friendlyRead MoreEssay on The Globalisation of Obesity3544 Words   |  15 Pagesdata about body preferences for women reveal that over 80% of cultures for which shape preference data are available, people prefer a plump shape† (cited in Sobal 2004, 383). That these ideals are embedded in their respective cultures is perhaps best evidenced by the small statuette Venus of Willendorf, by common archaeological consent the oldest known work of art. Stone age man evidently preferred a big girl complete with multiple love-handles, someone who could both carry and nurture his offspringRead Morefoundation of HRM4633 Words   |  19 PagesAssumed sources of conflict: Misunderstandings; personalities; agitators Relevant solutions: Dismissals; training amp; communication; HRM amp; TQM; laws to curb unions Slogan: Work as a team The pluralism perspective: Assumes conflict is endemic and remediable Assumed causes of conflict: Technical change; economics (inflation, unemployment); industrial relations systems; workers’ role Relevant solutions: consultation; bargaining Slogan: Reform amp; extend collective bargaining The radical

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Bullying Is A Growing Problem - 1000 Words

Bullying in schools has become an increasing problem in American society. Bullying is the repetitive, aggressive behavior from one person to another. This can include leaving someone out intentionally, spreading rumors, assaulting a person physically and verbally, and threatening someone. Bullying can be executed in many different ways: online, physically, and verbally. The article, â€Å"Bullying in Schools: An Overview†, states, â€Å"According to John A. Calhoun, president and CEO of the National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC), 6 out of 10 American teenagers witness bullying in school on a daily basis,† (Lee N.p). Many schools across America have a zero-tolerance rate on their campuses, especially since the No Bullying Law was implemented. Bullying is a growing problem, but society can solve it by creating more online restrictions, implementing more classes about it, and advising teachers to educate the students about it. Bullying is a serious problem, and almost ev ery child has gone through some traumatic experience with bullying. It is stated in a bullying article, â€Å"A US study found between 9% and 11% of middle school children were bullied sometimes or more frequently,† (Dake N.p). It is usually caused by one person feeling superior to the other. Even the adults do not understand the severity of bullying fully. Rara Sampson says, â€Å"...teacher may underestimate the extent of bullying their school and may be able to identify only a portion of the actual bullies,† (Sampson N.p).Show MoreRelatedBullying Is Becoming A Growing Problem876 Words   |  4 PagesBullying is becoming a growing problem among teens, parents, and society over all. Bullying has always been around and it is a problem many individuals fight to end every day. Bullying has become one of the leading causes of depression among teens and it is also a leading cause of suicide between young adults. Adults are to be blamed for bullying and cyberbullying amo ngst children and teenagers. Parents or guardians should get educated in the subject in order to educate their children. WhetherRead MoreEssay about The Growing Problem of Bullying2552 Words   |  11 Pagesprevent bullying in the United States. So, are they? Many facts and statistics prove that the answer to this question is no. Bullying is an everyday occurrence in society. How could anyone be doing enough if it is still constantly happening? It is nearly impossible to end all bullying because not all situations and people, especially children, are able to be controlled. However, there is much more that can be done about it than there is. It is ubiquitously known throughout America that bullying is aRead MoreEssay about Bullying: A Major Problem in Today’s Schools563 Words   |  3 PagesBullying has been a major problem in today’s schools Bullying is a major problem in today’s society, especially among teens. With teens spending most of their time at school this environment must be as safe as possible. Schools need to be more proactive in addressing the issue of bullying because many students are bullied in many different ways, the effects can be deadly, and students deserve a safe place to learn. At schools kids are getting bullied in many different ways. For example, studentsRead MoreThe Effect Of Teen Bullying Essay1618 Words   |  7 PagesEffects of Teen Bullying Bullying is defined as a superior strength or influence to intimidate someone, typically to force him or her to do what they want. Teenage bullying is a serious problem in school and it is not always physical. There are several types of bullying including physical, verbal ,emotional, covert and cyberbullying. Physical bullying can include fighting, hitting, kicking, etc. while emotional bullying can include gossiping or leaving someone else out on purpose(Bullying Info and FactsRead MoreBullying Essay971 Words   |  4 Pagesbullying has created lots of problems in school and outside of schools in society today. Picking on someone could very well change someone behavior. Bullying can ruin people lives if they are teased often. Younger and older kids in school are fatally injured, which needs to be taken care of before it starts and get out of hand. Bullying in first grade or going into middle school. Television violence, families in poverty, mis-teachings, music, and pictures have influence younger and older people,Read MoreProposing a Solution Essay Bullying767 Words   |  4 PagesSolution: Bullying Bullying among American elementary, middle and high school students is a growing problem. Bullying has been defined many ways, by many people. One definition is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived imbalance of power. (stopbullying.org). Bullying is a very negative act and honestly needs to be stopped. This essay will provide my solution for the growing bullying problem in our schools. Over the years, bullying has becomeRead MoreBullying And Its Effect On Children s Development Essay1708 Words   |  7 PagesBullying can happen as young as the child is placed in an environment associating with other children. As a matter of fact, bullying can happen at home when the child has another sibling also known as sibling bullying. There are several types of bullying from physical, social, verbal to cyber bullying. In this research paper, it will cover how bullying as a whole affects the child’s development. Bullying is typically a form of an ongoing aggressive behaviour intentionally directed at a certain individualRead MoreBullying Is Growing Day By Day And We Should Make Harsher Punishments For Bullies1284 Words   |  6 PagesStop Bullying! Bullying is growing day by day and we should make harsher punishments for bullies. Bullying has been happening for a while now and it affects how teenagers are in the real world. Being personally targeted by others in school or out of school can tend to have a negative effect on the victim, and may not always have a good turnout. Bullies need to be punished for their own actions and take the blame for what they have done. Bullies need to learn how it feels and how it could hurt someoneRead MoreCyber Bullying is a Big No No 717 Words   |  3 PagesTwitter are playing grounds for cyberbullying. Cyberbullying has been a growing problem over the year in Central Florida especially in high schools and the only way it could be resolve is to bring the awareness to the youths in high school. For this research report, I have been looking in to the issue of Cyberbullying in high school level. What is cyberbullying and why is it a growing problem? Cyberbullying has been a growing problem seeing that technology has grown more advances and popular among peopleRead MoreThe Effects Of Bullying On Everyone s Bullying1220 Words   |  5 Pages2016 The Effects of Bullying on Everyone Bullying and in its many various ways effects everyone in a lot of ways. A lot of the people are being humiliated and hurt. Victims of bullying commit suicide because people that are being bullied think bullying will not stop. Bullying is a big problem in many countries, it is a problem that everyone can experience at anytime and anywhere. Bullying can be the number one problem everyone experiences in daily basis. Bullies think that bullying is fun. Bullies are

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Teenager’s Lifestyle Free Essays

Teenager’s lifestyle Nowadays, teenagers have changed in comparison with the teens in the past, taking into account eating habits, an active way of life, spending free time and clothes. They are a â€Å"technology† generation. For teens in todays’ world mobile phones, internet, music, movies, television and video games are very important. We will write a custom essay sample on Teenager’s Lifestyle or any similar topic only for you Order Now Most teenagers prefer watching TV and playing computer games to reading books. They don’t like reading because watching TV is easier and they don’t have to use their own imagination. Computer games teach but they are also harmful to health. Teenagers prefer to spend free time in front of a computer rather than to walk, play football or go to a swimming pool. Moreover, games transfer them into the world which doesn’t exist. It is very exciting for the youth. They meet with friends in such places as McDonalds. Teens eat there unhealthy food. They eat too much fast food. Every teenager needs a balanced diet, appropriate personal hygiene and physical activities in the fresh air, for example, playing a ball, going running, swimming, driving on the bicycle, playing in tennis or walking. This should be for them more interesting than sitting for hours in front of a computer or TV because such a mode of life leads to the improvement of mood, health and physical shape.. Young people choose less healthy kinds of entertainment than sport, putting away bicycles in the corner. They eat too much fast, unhealthy food, which is very fatty and drink too many sugary drinks. This leads to obesity. However, nowadays young people, especially girls, allow themselves to grow fat, or torture themselves with diets, which leads to various diseases with physical basis like anorexia and bulimia. Young people must not give up food, especially breakfasts because skipping breakfast is a frequent cause of fainting which can cause frequent complications and even leads to death. It is crucial to limit the amount they eat, but only in a reasonable way, if at all possible after the consultation with the dietician. Young people have to remember, that a healthy lifestyle requires appropriate nourishment, but they also must not forget about personal hygiene. Personal hygiene plays a very important role in healthy lifestyle. It should be an indispensable element in the life of every young man. Its task is the maintenance and strengthening of health. Notable part of young people think that taking a shower once a week, wearing sweaty clothes and splashing over them with a deodorant is proper, but it is not. For example, before a young man goes to bed, he should develop a habit of not being able to fall asleep without having a bath first. Everyday toilet will prevent skin diseases as complexion of every person requires systematic nurturing: washing in soft water, abrasion, creaming and protecting before diseases. Therefore personal hygiene institutes an important part of healthy lifestyle and it cannot be skipped, just like physical activity. Physical activity has a large influence on young people lifestyle. Physical activity improves health condition in various ways. It helps the organism to utilize the calories better, which helps to maintain a desirable weight. Physical activity reduces the appetite and helps in the reduction of the fatty mass of the body. The beneficial influence of physical activity on health mood does not raise any doubts any more. The research reveals that regular training among the youth( and not only, but also by people at any age) is an important factor improving the health. However, too little popularity of psychical activities among the young people is a huge problem. It is a frequent and more and more general problem and causes various diseases such as: heart failure, lungs deficiency, spine problems etc. Here is a list of advantages of physical activity: †¢ reduces the risk of heart diseases †¢ protects before the osteoporosis, †¢ burning the calorie intensifies, †¢ favours the masses of the body to lowering and maintenance of the desirable weight, †¢ leads to the growth of the basic transformation of the matter, †¢ reduces the appetite †¢ helps in the reduction of the fatty mass of the body. Thanks to these useful tips, we can easily build the whole strategy of the healthy lifestyle in order to effectively fight with overweight and obesity. To get rid the excess of fat, we can cultivate different kinds of the sport, depending for age, sex or interests. However you should remember about warning of several principles so that our effort brings desirable results and does not harm our health. Another aspect worth mentioning is communication via the Internet, especially instant messaging, has become an essential feature of teens’ social lives. Teenagers say, that this can be very helpful to communicate, learn and can be fun. Through the Internet they can download music and other files and play on-line games, for example, with their real or virtual friends. What is more, cellulars are very popular among teenagers and can be used to do a lot of things: we can communicate with friends using them, have a nice time playing games, listen to music and also watch films. For a lot of young people mobile phones are indispensable and they simply cannot imagine life without them. Teenagers’ clothes in the twenty-first century have also changed a lot. The clothes they wear depend on current trends since it is important to follow fashion. School uniforms aren’t so popular today like in the past. Girls more often wear jeans than skirts, boys wear wide sweatshirts and trousers. The fact is that nowadays teens get dressed in clothes which are comfortable for them. All in all, it can be stated that the lifestyle of teenagers depends on many factors. It is connected with the constant development which is taking place and as a result is different from the lifestyle of young people in the past. Every young man should lead a healthy lifestyle independently of age or interests. This should be one of the things that you do every single day. According to many scholars that is the liability of every man, and everyone should try to take the advantage of this life the best he or she can. Young people should be aware of positive influence of healthy lifestyle on health and mood. This in effect would give them better results in studying and what is more important they would be pleased with good health much longer. How to cite Teenager’s Lifestyle, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Pied Beauty Analysis free essay sample

The title of the poem itself is a clear indication of what follows (â€Å"pied† meaning ‘of more than one colour’), a celebration of imperfection; of diversity. The poem opens with the poet praising and thanking God for spotted or dappled (imperfect) things, â€Å"Glory be to God for dappled things†. This one line alone sends the reader into contemplation—having always associated beauty with perfection, this makes one look at things from a whole new perspective; a perspective not tainted with the artificial and superficial human ideals about beauty. The poet then draws the reader’s attention to the ever-changing skies and compares them to a â€Å"brinded cow†. The poet uses a simile because, just like the cow, which is usually white with streaks of brown or black, the sky too is streaked with different colours: red, yellow, purple, blue, white and orange. And while most of us acknowledge the brilliance of the sky (â€Å"most of us† meaning those who take the time â€Å"to stop and smell the roses† as the saying goes) we rarely ever give a second thought to cows— let alone ever perceive them as an object of beauty. We will write a custom essay sample on Pied Beauty Analysis or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In our quest for ‘perfection’ we tend to overlook the earthly kind of beauty. But if perfection was the key word, then clear, blue skies should hold more appeal than cloudy, stormy ones; instead, though we might wish for one now and again, blue skies would bore us pretty soon; it is the variety that keeps us enthralled. Though the things described in the poem are normal, everyday things, it takes a poet’s eye to draw our attention to the everlasting, â€Å"real† beauty. For example, trout, which is mainly seen as a source of food, is described as something which would (or should) most definitely earn a second glance. The word ‘mole’ usually always invokes the ungainly imagery of warts, however, in â€Å"For rose-moles all in stipple upon trout that swim†, ‘rose’ is associated with ‘moles’, banishing all thoughts of ugliness and enabling the reader to be able to see the beauty in something as common as trout. â€Å"Fresh-firecoal chestnut-falls; finches’ wings†. Here, chestnut kernels are compared to smoldering embers; the reddish-brown meat inside the chestnut, being similar to the fiery reddish-orange hue of glowing coal. However this alliteration is contradictory since ‘fresh’ chestnuts are covered with spiky, green moss and are most definitely not like coal; it is only when they are ripe, and burst open when they fall to the ground, that the insides are revealed. While until now, the author had been mainly dealing with two colours, â€Å"Finches’ wings† brings to mind a great big melting pot of vibrant hues; the black and white wings, the sun glinting off their airborne feathers, transforming this common bird into a kaleidoscope of colours; a blur. This might also mark an end to the concrete references, since from the next line, things become more general and abstract (just like how one cannot pinpoint a single colour on the finches’ wings; therefore, their reference is also perhaps a glimpse of what follows†¦). Hopkins now talks about one of the most ancient and relevant occupations: farming. Farming is one occupation which brings humans closer to nature; helps them get in touch with their humble and down-to-earth side. However, we have now started seeing it as something mechanical; lifeless. The joy and exhilaration our forefathers used to link with this has given way to routine; we have started taking it for granted, which is why the poet feels the need to thank God for â€Å"Landscape plotted and pieced—fold, fallow and plough†(ALLITERATION), the result of a farmer’s daily toil. And though farming has changed the land and it no longer looks natural and unspoiled, it bears harvest, which gives way to joy. And now Hopkins talks about all the other trades that have brought us closer to Nature and God: â€Å"And all trades, their gear and tackle and trim†. Here the poet is also thanking God for all the little things that help us get by; things that we take for granted (when have we appreciated the fishing net, or the mining machines? ) The poet now moves on to â€Å"All things counter, original, spare, strange†; thereby effectively including every single component of nature. Here, the poet celebrates uniqueness as in â€Å"strange† or â€Å"original† and â€Å"spare† as in the context of being one of a kind, and balance in nature due to all things having an opposing creation-â€Å"counter†. This tone is continued in â€Å"Whatever is fickle, freckled (who knows how? ). Barely has the fact that fickleness in humans is something which is looked down upon registered, that one is hit by the realization that this very fickleness in nature is exactly what makes it so appealing in the first place. †With swift, slow; sweet, sour; adazzle, dim†. The poet uses these oxymorons to illustrate that it doesn’t matter if something is fast or slow, sweet or sour, because they all hold some intrinsic beauty. Here the author is once again celebrating fickleness in ature, for something which is sour, say, an unripe apple, can also be sweet, when given enough time, there are two sides to every coin ;but each form is as valuable as the other, for example, a river, in its early stage is swift and might seem exciting and alluring with its fresh water, but as it slows down, it is just as important, for now it deposits all of the goodness it carried along with it in its early stage; or take diamonds, those dazzling lumps of carbon are not any more important than graphite, which is just another form of carbon. The poet plays on all our sense by choosing these particular words. â€Å"He fathers-forth whose beauty is past change† This gives a sense of continuity, enforced by the words, â€Å"fathers-forth† the bond remains unbroken. The beauty of His creation is transitional; they do not end, but simply moves on to become something else. The concluding line â€Å"Praise him† is simply a reiteration of the first line and not in any way a reference to Christianity; â€Å"him† is simply God or whatever you would like to name the Divine Creator. The poem speaks of happiness; of finding joy in everything around you and being able to appreciate it. The usage of the hyphen in the first 3-4 lines is to link together words one would normally not associate with each other, thereby forcing the reader to revisit his views on the objects around him.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Psychology Term Paper Topics

Psychology Term Paper Topics If you are having problems with your psychology term paper assignment – this article might be able to help you. If you are confused with what to write about in your psychology term paper – try not to panic, a good psychology term paper is just around the corner, and youll be able to write it easily. The first, and by far the hardest step in writing a psychology term paper is the psychology term paper topic. The topic of your psychology term paper is the one which will define your psychology term paper, and on which depends the further text of the psychology term paper. If you dont know what topic to choose for your psychology term paper, you can use your copy book on the web to gain some inspiration. Here is a list of topics for you to find your golden moment of inspiration:   Ã‚   1. Try to describe the life and way of thinking of a great psychologist or a philosopher. This is always a good topic, and is always handy. You may be able to find a lot of interesting facts if you have enough material. It is always interesting to read some interesting facts about some famous people of the past. If you include a proper part of the psychology analysis – your psychology term paper will become golden and you will definitely get the highest grade for your psychology term paper. 2. Another easy way to come up with a good psychology term paper is to try to describe a famous experiment. The history of psychology is filled with various experiments, and you can always find something, which is unknown, yet needs to be known. All you need to do is analyze the motives of the experiment, the whole process and of course, the results of the experiment, and the effect of the knowledge gained out of this experiment.    3. Another path you can go is try to analyze a group or an individual from the psychological point of view. You can never be dull with a psychology term paper of this type. Every person is an individual, and if you are able to find something interesting from this analysis – is the best way to do the psychology term paper. 4. You can describe a specific occupation in the field of psychology. The best way is to write how psychology helps in a specific occupation. For example, if you are working as a promotional manager, or something in advertising, and how you can affect people using your own psychology knowledge.   Ã‚   5. Another good way to have a psychology term paper written is to make a critical analysis of some piece of literature. It is always popular to write a critique on a famous book in psychology. If you want to deep into classics you can analyze Freuds books, or you might want to consider something from the latest editions. It is always hard to write a literature critique, but the result is totally worth it.    6. The best thing you can do in your psychology term paper is describe an experiment you would like to conduct. It is always fascinating to conduct a research with the help of experiments, and now you actually have a chance to conduct one. You can start of describing what would you like to achieve, and later – explain the methods you are conducting your research. Nothing is more interesting than following an experiment. There is always a various range of topics, where you can conduct your research, and everything is just waiting for you. Here is a list of the most interesting psychology essay topics: 1. What is Psychology and Why it is Important? 2. Social Psychology: Do Humans control their attitudes? 3. History of Psychology 4. The Influence of Mechanism on the Science of Psychology 5. Anthropology vs psychology 6. Psychology: Can It Be Regarded As A Science? 7. Humanistic perspective of psychology 8. Environmental Psychology 9. The Effects on Human Psychology caused by Violent Music Lyrics 10. African Psychology 11. Forensic Psychology 12. Jungian Psychology 13. Development Psychology 14. Perspectives in Psychology 15. Psychology Disorders 16. Impact of Psychology on Finance and Traders 17. Cognitve Psychology 18. Psychology Types 19. Reverse Psychology 20. The Psychology of Death and Dying 21. Psychology Mental Abnormality

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

A Very Short History of Chad, Africa

A Very Short History of Chad, Africa Brief History of Chad Chad is one of several potential sites for the cradle of humankind in Africa following the discovery of seven-million-year-old human-like skull, now known as the Toumaà ¯ (Hope of life) skull. 7000 years ago the region was not as arid as it is today cave paintings depict elephants, rhinoceroses, giraffes, cattle, and camels. People lived and farmed around the shores of lakes in the north central basin of the Sahara. The indigenous Sao people who lived along the Chari river during the first millennia CE were absorbed by the Kamen-Bornu and Baguirmi kingdoms (which stretched from Lake Chad deep into the Sahara) and the region became a crossroads for the trans-Saharan trade routes. Following the collapse of the central kingdoms, the region became something of a backwater ruled by local tribes and regularly raided by Arab slavers. Conquered by the French during the last decade of the 19th century, the territory was declared pacified in 1911. The French initially placed control of the region under a governor-general in Brazzaville (Congo), but in 1910 Chad was joined to the larger federation of Afrique Équatoriale Franà §aise (AEF, French Equatorial Africa). It was not until 1914 that the north of Chad was finally occupied by the French. The AEF was dissolved in 1959, and independence followed on 11 August 1960 with Francois Tombalbaye as Chads first president. It was not long, unfortunately, before civil war erupted between the Muslim north and Christian/animist south. Tombalbaye rule became more brutal and in 1975 General Felix Malloum took power in a coup. He was replaced by Goukouni Oueddei after another coup in 1979. Power changed hands twice more by coup: to Hissà ¨ne Habrà © in 1982, and then to Idriss Dà ©by in 1990. The first multi-party, democratic elections held since independence reaffirmed Dà ©by in 1996.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Requirement Specification Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Requirement Specification - Case Study Example Due to the increasing requests of people involved in the preparation of question papers, the School is considering the computerization of the process to improve the current system by addressing the issues associated with it, while meeting quality assurance requirements in the preparation of question papers. The Examination and Conferment Unit (ECU) is a department at the Academic Registry of Oxford Brookes University which provides services to the entire university related to examinations, award certificates and conferment of awards, and award ceremonies (Brookes, 2007). The ECU has prepared Guidelines for Examination Paper Preparation and Submission (Appendix 1). At the beginning of each semester, the ECU sends the examination paper template (Appendix 2) to all module leaders in the different academic schools of Brookes, who have an examination at the end of the semester. The template is a Word document which has been laid out to comply with the University's approved format for examination papers. Upon completion of examination paper preparation by the different schools, a camera-ready hard copy of the papers along with additional exam materials such as case studies and formula sheets, should be submitted to the ECU, either by hand or using the secure pouch system. Fiona Parker is the Academic Programmes Administrator at the School of Technology. She is also the designated exam secretary and holder of the secure pouch system at the School. She prepares the TE01 and TE02 forms (Appendix 3,4,5,6) for modules that have examination and modules that only have coursework as assessment, respectively, for distribution to the module leaders at the beginning of the semester and collected together with the papers or coursework schedules. The forms are word documents which work with an excel spreadsheet in a mail merge operation (Appendix 7) which Fiona Parker needs to complete using a tedious manual process (Appendix 8). Generally, a module is taught by more than one member of the teaching staff and because of this, a question paper for a particular module is prepared by more than one member. It is the responsibility of the module leader to put together all the questions prepared by the individual members of the teaching staff. This process is tedious for the module leader as it involves collecting copies of the questions from individual staff members who currently use different editing tools or different formatting. The module leader has to re-work the formatting of the question papers so that it meets the requirements set by the ECU. When the module leaders have completed the initial preparation of question papers and solutions for each module they are responsible for, they complete the sections they are responsible for in the TEO1 and TEO2 forms. The document sets are then passed to the internal checkers in the School of Technology. The internal checkers check the papers, complete the sections they are responsible for in the TEO1 and TEO2 forms and send their comments and suggestions back to the module leaders. The module leaders then disseminate the commented documents to the individual members of the teaching staff who prepared the initial documents for them to make necessary the necessary amendments. The amended documents are then returned to the module leaders who will need to again go through the process of putting together the